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download pdfLatin America During the National Period (HIST 140)
From Columbus to Chavez

"Poor people inhabit rich lands"
- E. Bradford Burns

Spring 2009, Truman State University
MC 209, TR 3:00-4:20
Office: KB 225A

Marc Becker
Office Hours: W 1:30-3:30
Phone: x6036


This course surveys the history of Latin America from Christopher Columbus to Hugo Chavez. We will examine a variety of issues including economics, democracy, racism, class structures, gender, ethnicity, human rights, globalization, and popular movements. Rather than analyzing Latin America from a North American point of view, we will examine how Latin Americans view themselves and how their culture, economics, and politics have developed in different directions than the United States and Europe.

This course fulfills the history mode of inquiry in the Liberal Studies Program. In this mode, students will study a broad topic or major geographic area over an extended period of time and will demonstrate competence in one or more of the following areas, which characterize the work of historians:

  1. thinking in terms of causation, change over time, contingency, context, and chronological frameworks;
  2. the content and methodologies of humanistic and social-scientific disciplines to study and interpret the past;
  3. analyzing the interplay between choices individuals have made and developments societies have undergone; and
  4. understanding the social and aesthetic richness of different cultures.


Our goal in this class is to challenge existing assumptions, engage alternative viewpoints, and encourage critical thinking. Through the study of history, we seek to empower ourselves to be better citizens, and to provide ourselves with the skills necessary to play a positive and educated role in society. We need to be active constituents rather than mere recipients of our education. To accomplish those tasks, we should strive to create an open and supportive learning environment. Regular attendance and active participation are also necessary. Please drop me a note if you are unable to attend, or if you have any concerns or suggestions for improving the class.


Following are the required books for this class. Read the assignments before class so that you are prepared to carry on an intelligent discussion of the material in class. Lectures and discussions will complement the readings and assume the base level of knowledge which they present, so it is critically important that you keep up with the readings. Do not wait until the last minute to buy these books since about half-way through the semester the bookstore will return unsold copies to the publisher.

Burns, E. Bradford and Julie A. Charlip. Latin America: A Concise Interpretive History, 8th ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall, 2007. Package ISBN-10: 0132412756 | ISBN-13: 9780132412759, bundled with the following:

Burns, E. Bradford and Julie A. Charlip. Consider the Source: Documents in Latin American History. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall, 2007.

Wilpert, Greg. Changing Venezuela by Taking Power: The History and Policies of the Chavez Government. London: Verso, 2006. ISBN: 1-84467-552-1

In addition, I will provide pre-publication copies of the following for class use:

O'Connor, Erin and Leo Garofalo. Gender and Race, Empire and Nation: A Documentary History on the Making of Latin America. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2009.

Assignments and grades

Course grades will be based on the following assignments. You can check your grade progress on the class Blackboard web page (there is a total of 1000 possible points in the class). More detailed information on the written assignments will be posted to the Blackboard web page. I do not accept “drop and run” papers. Grades on late assignments will be penalized one letter grade for each day that they are late. Successful completion of all assignments is required to receive credit for this class.

Assignment Points
Daily identification terms (5 pts ea.) 100 pts
12 newspaper article analyses (5 pts ea.) 60
6 primary source analyses (40 pts ea.) 240
Midterm exam (March 5) 200
Venezuela essay (Apr 28) 200
Final exam (May 7) 200

Daily identification terms. We will begin each class period with identifying and giving the significance of one identification term drawn from a list posted to the Blackboard web page for each of the weekly assigned readings. These will be graded on a scale of 1 to 5 points. One point means that you are present, 2 points indicate that something was fundamentally wrong with your response, 3 points indicate a rote response from the text, 4 points represent analytical thought, and 5 points are for responses that reveal critical thought that extends significantly beyond the text and places the term in a broad historical context.

Newspaper reports. By noon on Thursday for 12 of the 15 weeks of the semester post an analysis of a newspaper article from the previous week on Latin America from one of the 4 daily newspapers distributed on campus (New York Times, St. Louis Post Dispatch, Kansas City Star, or USA Today) to the discussion board on the Blackboard web page. If you would like to use a different source for this assignment, please have me approve it in advance. Briefly describe the content of the article and then analyze its historical, social, and political significance. Be sure to include the title and author (if given) of the article, the name of the newspaper, and the date it was published, and the section/page numbers. Place the title of the article in the subject line of the post, and if someone has already written on your article post a response that extends the discussion of its significance. The critiques will be graded on a scale similar to the daily identification terms.

Primary source analyses. Analyze six primary sources, three each in Charlip/Burn’s Consider the Source: Documents in Latin American History and three from O'Connor/Garofalo's Gender and Race, Empire and Nation. Consider these questions:

  1. Who created the document? What is the author’s gender, race, and class status?
  2. When was the document written?
  3. To whom was the document addressed?
  4. Why was the document created?

Using your own words, summarize the main points of the document, explaining what the document reveals, what it conceals, and how its contents were shaped by the experiences and perspectives of the author. Your analysis should be one-page long, and be typed, double-spaced, and include citations.

Venezuela Essay. Is Hugo Chavez a new or old style leader in Latin America? Draw on the assigned readings, films, and class discussions in the writing of this essay. The essays should be three-pages long, typed, double-spaced, follow good essay form (have an intro, thesis, conclusion, etc.) and include citations, a bibliography, and page numbers. Be sure to proofread the essay for spelling, grammatical, and typographical errors. I will grade the essays based on content, organization, clarity of thought, and level of analysis. The best essays will be concise, synthesize the material in the readings, analyze its significance, evaluate its importance, and develop a new and original argument.

Exams. The midterm and comprehensive final exams will draw on the class readings, films, and discussions.

Class Schedule

Week 1 (Jan 13-15) Introduction & Geography
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 1; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 1 sec 1.

Week 2 (Jan 20-22) Colonialism
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 2; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 1 sec 2-3.
Assignment: First primary source analysis due (Jan 22)

Week 3 (Jan 27-29) Independence
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 3; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 1 sec 4.

Week 4 (Feb 3-5) Slavery
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 4; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 1 sec 5.

Week 5 (Feb 10-12) Modernization
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 5; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 2 sec 2.
Assignment: Second primary source analysis due (Feb 10)

Week 6 (Feb 17) Imperialism
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 6; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 2 sec 3.

Week 7 (Feb 24-26) Mexican Revolution
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 7; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 2 sec 4.
Assignment: Third primary source analysis due (Feb 24)

Week 8 (March 3-5) Midterm exam

Week 9 (March 17-19) Populism
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 8; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 2 sec 5.
Assignment: Fourth primary source analysis due (March 17)

Week 10 (March 24-26) Revolution
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 9; O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 2 sec 6.

Week 11 (March 31 – Apr 2) Dictatorship
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 10; Charlip, ch. 10
Assignment: Fifth primary source analysis due (March 31)

Week 12 (Apr 9) Neoliberalism
Read: Burns/Charlip, ch. 11; Charlip, ch. 11

Week 13 (Apr 14-16) Social movements
Read: O'Connor/Garofalo, vol. 2 sec 6-7.
Assignment: Sixth primary source analysis due (Apr 16)

Week 14 (Apr 21-23) Venezuela
Read: Wilpert, Changing Venezuela by Taking Power
Assignment: Venezuela essay (due Tuesday, Apr 28)

Week 15 (Apr 28-30) Final Reviews

Final Exam: Thursday, May 7, 11:30-1:20 p.m.

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