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Sixteen Demands Proposed by the CONAIE in the 1990 Uprising

  1. Public declaration that Ecuador is a plurinational country (to be ratified in the constitution).
  2. Grant of lands and titles to lands to the nationalities.
  3. Solutions to water and irrigation needs.
  4. Absolution from indigenous debts to FODERUMA and the National Development Bank.
  5. Freezing of consumer prices.
  6. Conclusion of priority projects in Indian communities.
  7. Nonpayment of rural land taxes.
  8. Expulsion of the Summer Language Institute.
  9. Free commercial and handicraft activity.
  10. CONAIE protection of archaeological sites.
  11. Officialization of Indian medicine.
  12. Cancellation of the governmental decree that created parallel land reform granting bodies.
  13. Immediate granting of funds by the government to the nationalities.
  14. Granting of funds for bilingual education.
  15. Respect for the rights of the child.
  16. Fixing of fair prices for products.

Source: Amalia Pallares, From Peasant Struggles to Indian Resistance: The Ecuadorian Andes in the Late Twentieth Century (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002), 228.

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