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CONAIE'S Sixteen Demands

  1. Return of lands and territories taken from indigenous communities, without costly legal fees.
  2. Sufficient water for human consumption and irrigation in indigenous commu­nities, and a plan to prevent pollution of water supplies.
  3. No municipal taxes on small properties owned by indigenous farmers.
  4. Long-term financing for bilingual education programs in the communities.
  5. Creation of provincial and regional credit agencies to be controlled by CONAIE.
  6. Forgiveness of all debts to government ministries and banks incurred by indig­enous communities.
  7. Amendment of the first article of the constitution to proclaim Ecuador as a multi-national state.
  8. Immediate delivery of funds and credits currently budgeted for indigenous na­tionalities.
  9. Minimum two-year price freeze on all raw materials and manufactured goods used by the communities in agricultural production, and reasonable price in­crease on all agricultural goods sold by them, using free-market mechanisms.
  10. Initiation and completion of all priority construction on basic infrastructure for indigenous communities.
  11. Unrestricted import and export privileges for indigenous artisans and handi­craft merchants.
  12. National legislation and enforcement to provide for strict protection and con­trolled exploration of archaeological sites, under the supervision of CONAIE.
  13. Expulsion of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, in accordance with Executive Decree 1159 of 1981.
  14. Respect for the rights of children and greater government awareness of their current plight.
  15. National support for indigenous medicine.
  16. Immediate dismantling of political party organizations that parallel government institutions át the municipal and provincial levels, and which manipulate polit­ical consciousness and elections in indigenous communities.

Source: Les Field, "Ecuador's Pan-Indian Uprising," NACLA Report on the Americas 25, no. 3 (December 1991): 41.

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